Homosexuality and Islam

Table of Content:

1) Quran
2) Hadith
3) References

1) Quran:

Prohibition:

Quran 23: 5-7, 70-29-31

SAHIH INTERNATIONAL
And they who guard their private parts
Except from their wives or those their right hands possess, for indeed, they will not be blamed
But whoever seeks beyond that, then those are the transgressors  1

Words of Prophet Lot(AS):

Through words of Prophet Lot(AS), homosexuality is condemned as unnatural and transgression.

Quran 7: 80-81

SAHIH INTERNATIONAL
And [We had sent] Lot when he said to his people, “Do you commit such immorality as no one has preceded you with from among the worlds?
Indeed, you approach men with desire, instead of women. Rather, you are a transgressing people.” 2

Tafsir Ibn Abbas on 7: 80-81

http://quranx.com/Tafsir/Abbas/7.80

…………(Will ye commit abomination) i.e. sodomy……..

(Lo! ye come with lust) you find more lust (unto men) in men’s behinds (instead of women) instead of the vaginas of women. (Nay, but ye, are wanton folk) in idolatry; you transgress from the lawful to that which is prohibited.

Similar commentary by Suyuti http://quranx.com/Tafsir/Jalal/7.80
Ibn Kasir http://quranx.com/Tafsir/Kathir/7.80
Maududi on 26:165 http://quranx.com/Tafsir/Maududi/26.165

Quran 26: 165-166

SAHIH INTERNATIONAL
Do you approach males among the worlds
And leave what your Lord has created for you as mates? But you are a people transgressing.” 3

 

Quran 27:54-55

SAHIH INTERNATIONAL

And [mention] Lot, when he said to his people, “Do you commit immorality while you are seeing?
Do you indeed approach men with desire instead of women? Rather, you are a people behaving ignorantly.” 4

Quran 29:28-29

SAHIH INTERNATIONAL

And [mention] Lot, when he said to his people, “Indeed, you commit such immorality as no one has preceded you with from among the worlds.
Indeed, you approach men and obstruct the road and commit in your meetings [every] evil.” And the answer of his people was not but they said, “Bring us the punishment of Allah , if you should be of the truthful.” 5

Possible Punishment:

A verse can of Quran can be interpreted as a possible punishment for homosexuality but this interpretation is not accepted by majority of Scholars. The verse 16 of Chapter 4 says that a mild punishment should be given to two until they repent.

Quran 4: 16

SAHIH INTERNATIONAL

Those who commit unlawful sexual intercourse of your women – bring against them four [witnesses] from among you. And if they testify, confine the guilty women to houses until death takes them or Allah ordains for them [another] way.

And the two who commit it among you, dishonor them both. But if they repent and correct themselves, leave them alone. Indeed, Allah is ever Accepting of repentance and Merciful. 6

Tafsir of Quran 4:16

Tafsir of Ibn Kathir(d. 1373 CE):

Ibn Kathir says that one of the earliest commentators of Quran Tabi’ Mujahid ibn Jabr(d. 722 CE) may be of the view that these verses were revealed about 2 men as if he was referring to sodomy.

http://quranx.com/Tafsir/Kathir/4.15

………Mujahid said, “It was revealed about the case of two men who do it.” As if he was referring to the actions of the people of Lut, and Allah knows best…..”

Tafsir Al-Jalalayn by Imam Suyuti(d. 1505 CE)

http://quranx.com/Tafsir/Jalal/4.16

And when two of you men, commit it, that is, a lewd act, adultery or homosexual intercourse, punish them both, with insults and beatings with sandals; but if they repent, of this [lewd act], and make amends, through [good] action, then leave them be, and do not harm them. God ever turns [relenting], to those who repent, and is Merciful, to them. This [verse] is abrogated by the prescribed punishment if adultery is meant [by the lewd act], and similarly if homosexual intercourse is meant, according to al-Shāfi‘ī; but according to him, the person who is the object of the [penetrative] act is not stoned, even if he be married; rather, he is flogged and banished. Judging by the dual person pronoun, it seems more obvious that homosexual fornication is meant [by this verse], even though the former [sc. al-Shāfi‘ī] was of the opinion that it referred to an adulterer and an adulteress; but this [opinion of his] may be countered by the fact that [the reference to] the two [men] becomes clear on account of the particle min being attached to a masculine pronoun [minkum, ‘of you’], and by the fact that they suffer the same punishment, [both effect the action of] repentance and [are both granted] that they be left alone [thereafter], [all of] which applies specifically to men, given that for women detention is stipulated, as was stated before.

Tafsir Mazhari by Sufi Thanaullah Panipati(d. 1810 CE)

According to my view, this verse refers to those men who commit action of people of Lut. This is also view of Mujahid(ibn Jabr).

286-8c9a4e5744
Page: 285 Link: https://www.scribd.com/document/33955465/Tafsir-Mazhar-Vol-2-Urdu-translation-by-Qadi-Thana-ullah-Pani-Pati

Tafsir Maariful Quran by Mufti Muhammad Shafi(d.1976 CE):

Mufti muhammad Shafi
Link: http://www.islamicstudies.info/quran/maarif/maarif.php?sura=4&verse=15

His son Mufti Taqi Uthmani(b. 1943 CE) has a similar view in his Tafsir.
http://www.noorehidayat.org/index.php?p=alquran

Tafhim al-Qur’an of Abul Ala Maududi(d.1979 CE)

Maududi says earlier Mu’tazili commentator Abu Muslim Isfahani(d.934 CE) was of the view that verse 15 is referring to female homosexual act while verse 16 refers to male homosexual act.However Abu Ala Maududi disagrees and refutes this claim.

http://quranx.com/Tafsir/Maududi/4.15

The seeming difference in these two verses has misled commentator Suddi to the conclusion that verse 15 prescribed the punishment for married women and verse 16 for unmarried men and women. Obviously, this flimsy commentary is not supported by any sound argument. Likewise, the commentary of Abu Muslim Isfahani that verse 15 is about the un-natural crime between two females and verse 16 about the un-natural crime between two males is also wrong. The Qur’an is concerned only with the fundamental principles of law and morality: therefore it only discusses those problems which are confronted in normal life and does not concern itself with the ones that are met with under abnormal circumstances. These latter problems, as they arise, are left for the people to decide according to their insight. That is why, when after the death of the Holy Prophet the case of unnatural crime between two males was brought before the Companions, none of them turned to these verses for its decision.

In the Shade of the Qur’an by Syed Qutb(d. 1966 CE):

https://www.kalamullah.com/shade-of-the-quran.html View online in google docs

……….It seems clear that the reference in the expression to “the two from among you who are guilty” of gross immoral conduct refers to two homosexual men

2) Hadith:

 Curse on Sodomites:

Kubra Al Nasa’i(7297), Ibn Hibban(4417), Ahmad(2915, 2916 & 2917, 1875, 2816),  Abdur Razzaq(13494 & 13495), Mustadrak(8052 & 8053), Dhamm Al Malahi(156), Al Kubra al bayhaqi(17017,17018)

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbas said: The Prophet (SAWW) said:”….. Cursed be the one who does the deed of the people of Loot( three times)” 7

Grading:

Hasan (Darussalam)

Sahih (Albani ] )

Sahih (Shu’ayb Arna’oot)

Sahih (Ahmad Shakir)

Sahih (Dhahabi in his Takhlis of Mustadrak)

 

Tirmidhi(1165), Ibn Hibban(4418)
Narrator: Ibn Abbas

The Messenger of Allah said: “Allah will not look at a man who enters a man or a woman in the behind.” 21

Grade: Hasan(Darussalam)
Sahih(Albani)
Strong Isnad on the condition of Imam Muslim(Arnout)
Hasan Ghareeb(Tirmidhi)

Tirmidhi(1457),Ibn Majah (2563), Ahmed(15093), Abdur Razaq(13493), Mustadrak(8057)

Narrated Jabir:
That the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “What I fear most from my Ummah is the behavior of the people of Lut.” 8
Grade:

Hasan Gharib (Tirmidhi in his Sunan)

Sahih (Albani)

Da’if (Darussalam)

Da’if Isnad (Shoaib Arnout)

Sahih (Dhahabi in his Takhlis of Mustadrak)

Death Penalty for Sodomy:

al-Tirmidhi (1456), Abu Dawud (4462), Ibn Maajah (2561),Ahmad(2727 & 2732), Abdur Razzaq(13492), Mustadrak (8047, 8049,8050) 

Narrated Abdullah ibn Abbas:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said: If you find anyone doing as Lot’s people did, kill the one who does it, and the one to whom it is done. 9

Grade :

Isnad are matter of contention, a narrator in chain is weak(Tirmidhi in his Sunan)

Hasan (Darussalam) 

Hasan Sahih (Al-Albani)

Da’if(Shoaib Arnout)

Sahih (Ahmad Shakir)

Sahih( Dhahabi in his takhlis of Mustadrak)

Imam Tirmidhi commented on the above Hadith in his Sunan as follow:

Abu ‘Isa [al-Tirmidhi] said: It is through this line (wajh) that this hadith is known and Muhammad bin Ishaq reported this hadith from ‘Amr bin Abi ‘Amr, in which he said “he who does the act of the people of Lut is cursed” but did not mention killing and in that hadith it was also said that he who has sex with an animal is cursed. This hadith has also been reported from ‘Asim bin ‘Umar from Suhayl bin Abi Salih from his father from Abu Hurayrah from the Prophet who said, “Kill the one who performs the act and the one on whom it is performed”. Abu ‘Isa [al-Tirmidhi] said: the isnad of this hadith is a matter of contention;we do not know anyone who reported it from Suhayl bin Abi Salih except ‘Asim bin ‘Umar al-‘Umari and ‘Asim bin ‘Umar is considered weak in hadith before his hifz

Ibn Majah(2562), Mustadrak(8048)

It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Prophet (ﷺ) said concerning those who do the action of the people of Lut:
“Stone the upper and the lower, stone them both.” 12

Grade : Isnad are matter of contention, a narrator in chain is weak(Tirmidhi)
Hasan (Darussalam)
Hasan (Albani)
Da’if Isnad (Shoaib Arnout)

Lesbianism:

http://library.islamweb.net/newlibrary/display_book.php?flag=1&bk_no=84&bookhad=17681

Al Kabir At Tabarani (153), Shuab Ul Iman(5082), 

The Prophet SAWW said: Lesbianism among women is adultery among them.

http://shamela.ws/browse.php/book-10660/page-5541

Grading: Trustworthy Narrators (Majma Ul Zawaid)

Hasan(As Suyuti)

Da’if (Albani)

http://library.islamweb.net/newlibrary/display_book.php?flag=1&bk_no=71&bookhad=16514

http://library.islamweb.net/newlibrary/display_book.php?flag=1&bk_no=85&bookhad=4148

Al Kubra al Bayhaqi 16514, Shuab Ul Iman(5075)  Al Aust At Tabarani 4169

The Prophet (ﷺ) said:If a man has sexual relations with another man, then they are both guilty of zina .If a woman has sexual relations with another woman, then they are both guilty of zina

Grading: Munkir Isnad(Bayhaqi)

Da’if{Albaani in Da’eef Al Jami As Sagheer (282)}

http://shamela.ws/browse.php/book-10660/page-5534

Prophecies about End of Time:

Shub ul Iman( 5084-5086)

Anas (RA) said that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said ” when my ummah legalizes five things then they are bound for destruction. The prevalence of cursing (and swearing). Drinking of alcohol, wearing of silk (by men) ; when girls are taken (as entertainment) and when men are (sexually) satisfied with men and women with women.  18

Grade:  Not Strong Chain of narrations but if these narrations are joined together then become strong.(Al Bayhaqi)

Hasan based on corroborating evidence {Albani in Saheeh At targheeb(2054 & 2386)}

 

Some Fabricated and Weak Narrations:

Al Mu’jam Al Kabeer(10556), Al Mu’jam Al Ausat(4858)

The Prophet(SAWW) said: Oh Ibn Masood! from the signs of the hour is that men will be satisfied with men and women with women 19

Grade: Da’if Isnad(Majma az Zawaid 12434)

http://library.islamweb.net/hadith/display_hbook.php?bk_no=568&pid=486238&hid=388

Al Jalees As Salih(388)

Ibn `Abbas (RA) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (SAWW) said ” From the portents of the hour is that……………. the men will be satisfied with men and women will be satisfied with women and (men) will have protective jealousy for the boys (or men) just like one has for the virgin girl……….. and men will marry boys just like (how one used) to marry women and prepare themselves (for their homosexual partners) just like how the women dress (prepare) themselves.

Grading: Fabricated lie (Sheikh Salih al Munajjid in Fatawa 263281 in his website Islamqa.info)

Similar reports are have been reported in Al Firdous (7543)
http://shamela.ws/browse.php/book-6072/page-2097
Al Bid’ah wa Nahi Anha(193) http://shamela.ws/browse.php/book-8208/page-204

Narrator: Abu Hurraira

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said “Four people entail Allah’s wrath in night and day. ” It was asked, “Who are they, Messenger of Allah?” He answered, “Effeminate men and masculine women, the adulterer of an­imals and sodomizers.”

Shuab Ul Iman(4976) 22

Grade: Da’if(Albani) 23

Other:

Muslim 338 a, Muslim 338 b, Abu Dawood 4018, Ibn Majah 661

Abd al-Rahman, the son of Abu Sa’id al-Khudri, reported from his father:
The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: A man should not see the private parts of another man, and a woman should not see the private parts of another woman, and a man should not lie with another man under one covering, and a woman should not lie with another woman under one covering.

15

 

____________________________________________________________________________________________

3) References:

1.

Chapter: 23 AL-MU’MINUN (THE BELIEVERS)>> Verse 5-7
Online Source: https://quran.com/23/5-7
Repeated again in https://quran.com/70/29-31

2.

Chapter:7 AL-A’RAF (THE HEIGHTS)>> Verse: 80-81
Online Source: https://quran.com/7/80-81

3.

Chapter 26: ASH-SHU’ARA (THE POETS)>> Verse: 165-166
Online Source: https://quran.com/26/165-166

4.

Chapter 27: AN-NAML (THE ANT)>> Verse: 54-55
Online Source: https://quran.com/27/54-55

5.

Chapter 29: AL-‘ANKABUT (THE SPIDER)>> Verse: 28-29
Online Source: https://quran.com/29/28-29

6.

Chapter 4: AN-NISA (THE WOMEN)>> Verse 15-16
Online Source: https://quran.com/4/15-16
See many English translators have translated the verse 16 as “two men” http://www.islamawakened.com/quran/4/16/default.htm

7 Musnad Ahmad https://archive.org/details/EnglishTranslationOfMusnadImamAhmedBinHanbalVolume1
Sunan Kubra Al Nisa’i http://shamela.ws/browse.php/book-8361/page-10083
Sahih Ibn Hibban http://shamela.ws/browse.php/book-1729/page-6611
Musannaf Abdur Razzaq http://shamela.ws/browse.php/book-13174/page-14640
Mustadrak http://shamela.ws/browse.php/book-2266/page-8912
Dhamm Al Malahi http://shamela.ws/browse.php/book-8230/page-166
Sunan Al Kubra By Bahaqi http://shamela.ws/browse.php/book-7861/page-19411

8. https://www.sunnah.com/tirmidhi/17/41
 https://www.sunnah.com/urn/1268800
Musnad Ahmed
Link: http://shamela.ws/browse.php/book-25794/page-11434
Musannaf Abdur Razaq
Link: http://shamela.ws/browse.php/book-13174/page-14639
Mustadrak
Link: http://shamela.ws/browse.php/book-2266/page-8917

9. Online Source: https://sunnah.com/tirmidhi/17/40
https://sunnah.com/abudawud/40/112
https://sunnah.com/urn/1268780
Musnad Ahmad Link: http://shamela.ws/browse.php/book-25794/page-1968
Mustadrak http://shamela.ws/browse.php/book-2266/page-8909

10. Online Source(Not Translated In English ): https://www.sunnah.com/tirmidhi/17/40

12. https://sunnah.com/urn/1268790
Mustadrak http://shamela.ws/browse.php/book-2266/page-8908

14.https://www.sunnah.com/urn/515120

15. https://sunnah.com/muslim/3/90
Repeated again https://sunnah.com/muslim/3/91
https://sunnah.com/abudawud/33/10
Ibn Majah https://sunnah.com/urn/1256600

17. Al Mujam Al Kabir At Tabrani
http://library.islamweb.net/newlibrary/display_book.php?flag=1&bk_no=84&bookhad=17681

18. Shuab ul iman by Bayhaqi
http://shamela.ws/browse.php/book-10660/page-5543

19. Al Mujam Al Kabeer

http://library.islamweb.net/newlibrary/display_book.php?flag=1&bk_no=84&bookhad=10353

Al Mu’jam Al Ausat
http://library.islamweb.net/newlibrary/display_book.php?flag=1&bk_no=85&bookhad=4836

21 Jami` at-Tirmidhi: In-book reference : Book 12, Hadith 20
English translation : Vol. 1, Book 7, Hadith 1165
https://sunnah.com/tirmidhi/12/20
Ibn Hibban
http://shamela.ws/browse.php/book-1729/page-6614

22. Shuab Ul Iman by Bayhaqi
Link: http://library.islamweb.net/hadith/display_hbook.php?bk_no=682&pid=335609&hid=4976

23. Sheikh Albani declared it Da’if in “Daif At Targheeb” (1449)
http://shamela.ws/browse.php/book-171/page-715

 

 

 

 

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